How PIN FRs affect gas and soot toxicity of smoke in case of fire? Review of the literature

Crepim Litteratue survey smoke toxicity 250

 CREPIM's litterature survey commissionned by pinfa.

An initial study by CREPIM France, for pinfa, has collated and assessed available scientific literature on how PIN FRs affect fire smoke toxicity. 135 relevant publications were identified, of which 22 were found to contain useable information and data. 140 pages - April 2017

 

 

Innovative & Sustainable Flame Retardants in Building and Construction

BeC cover250Presentation of non-halogenated PIN flame retardant solutions for different materials and applications in building and construction, including standards and testing of resistance to fire, fire classification and fire performance of building materials, health and environment, manufacturing processes. Building materials are becoming increasingly complex, energy efficient and comfortable, but are also increasingly flammable, so that flame retardants are needed to prevent fire starting or stop fires spreading. This 56 page pinfa flame retardancy guide covers fire safety of profiles and composites (thermoplastics, thermosets), cables (PVC, HFFR), films and sheets, insulation materials (polyurethane foams, polystyrenes, polyolefins, natural insulation materials), building textiles, reactive coatings and sealants, flooring, waterproofing membranes. Edited by Alexander B. Morgan.

 

 

Innovative Flame Retardants in Electronics & Electrical Applications

EeE 3 cover250pinfa presentation of halogen-free flame retardant solutions (FRs) for key electronics and electrical components including housings, cables, connectors and switches. Standards development and fire tests for E&E materials are outlined and the mechanisms of different types of HFFR compounds is presented, including processability, mechanical and electrical properties of flame retarded materials, fire resistance, future trends and innovation, and environment questions. Applications covered are wire and cable, electric enclosures, electric installations and components and printed wiring boards PWR (printed circuit boards PCB).

 

 

Innovative & Sustainable Flame Retardants in Transportation

transport cover250Transport vehicles like aeroplanes, ships, trains, buses, and cars use a large number of flammable materials and are subject to fire risks, pinfa has compiled this 56 page guide to how phosphorus, inorganic and nitrogen flame retardant technologies (PIN) can contribute to the safety of materials and vehicles. A whole toolbox of halogen-free chemistries is now available providing fire safety solutions for polymers for electrical and electronic components, structural parts, interior panels, seats, cables, carpets, decorative and upholstery textiles, insulation foams. Fire tests applicable in automotive, railway, shipping and aviation are presented, as are innovation and future transport trends, including lightweight construction, electric vehicles, bioplastics, fibre reinforced polymers, comfort and infotainment.